Tackling food loss, waste could benefit Indonesia on many fronts: Experts

first_imgLocal and global organizations are urging Indonesia to reduce its food waste and loss to not only ensure the availability of nutritious food but also to prevent environmental degradation and financially benefit individuals and businesses.World Resources Institute (WRI) global director for food, forests and water, Craig Hanson, said companies yielded $14 in return for every $1 invested in reducing food loss and waste, including by measuring waste and changing packaging.To tackle the problem, Hanson cited a coalition of executives called “Champions 12.3” that had called on nations to integrate food loss and waste reduction into climate strategies, pursue the problems as part of COVID-19 responses and follow the “Target-Measure-Act” approach, as quoted by a recommendation paper published on Sept. 24.  GAIN is currently rolling out its I-PLAN program, which focuses on improving fish availability by reducing postharvest food losses. It involves assisting small and medium enterprises (SMEs), giving cash prizes to innovators that could create innovations to tackle the problem and creating demand by educating fish postharvest loss actors, among other measures.“It’s a really strong incentive for businesses to not waste so much of the food and the products that they spend so long trying to grow, harvest and capture. So we have to help businesses to do that,” Haddad said.Businesses are not alone in reaping benefits. Health Ministry public health nutrition director Dhian Dipo called reducing food waste an “investment” because reducing household expenditure through food waste reduction frees up resources for other household needs, such as education and health needs.She said the government was addressing nutritional problems through a 2017 presidential decree on food and nutrition strategic policies that highlights nutrition education and community empowerment as among key strategies to tackle the problem.Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU) ambassador Felia Salim also quoted various studies showing that Indonesia could reduce up to 1.6 percent of greenhouse gas emissions relative to its emissions in 2013 by reducing 50 percent of rice, palm oil and dairy lost and wasted in the supply chain.She said the greenhouse gas reduction was equal to taking 96 percent of Jakarta’s 5.3 million cars off the road.  “But how realistic is that [taking cars off Jakarta’s roads]? It’s not realistic. The more realistic approach is tackling all these agro-based industries,” Felia said in the webinar.Reducing the same amount of dairy waste and loss also allows Indonesia to stop 3 to 11 percent of dairy imports and save US$8 million to $30 million, which is equal to up to 30 times the annual budget of the Jakarta administration, she said. Rice waste and loss reduction also showed similar results.Similarly, National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) head of food, agriculture and livestock, Noor Avianto, said that managing food waste was among the agency’s strategies to improve national food systems and governance under the country’s latest five-year plan (RPJMN).Among other measures, the government has relaxed procurement standards for perishable products, incentivized food redistribution through tax reductions and imposed marketing restrictions for portions and packaging to reduce food loss and waste, he said.“The important thing about the food waste [problem] is how we can increase the availability, accessibility and quality of food and on another side, [it is about how] we can reduce food waste at the community level,” he explained.Globally, one-third of all food is lost or wasted each year, costing the global economy US$940 billion each year, according to data quoted by the WRI.Topics : “Now is the time to really take food loss and waste seriously,” Hanson said in a webinar organized by The Jakarta Post and the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) in conjunction with the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste on Sept. 29.Indonesia wastes about 300 kilograms of food per person every year, making it among the largest food wasters in the world, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) data revealed.GAIN executive director Lawrence Haddad said in Tuesday’s webinar that food loss was equivalent to nutrition loss and environment loss. Most high nutrients are highly perishable, and the availability of nutritious food is crucial in Indonesia, where high rates of undernutrition and overweight prevail.The 2018 Basic Health Survey showed that one in three toddlers experienced stunting and nearly half of pregnant Indonesian women suffered from anemia due to micronutrient deficiencies during the same year. COVID-19 is exacerbating the stunting problem as it reduces food accessibility and affordability for households, degrading overall nutrient intake, according to Health Ministry findings.last_img read more

The State of Play: Bernie Sanders was the president that baseball needed

first_imgThe decision to move was made in 1957, after New York City’s de facto emperor of land development Robert Moses rejected Dodgers’ owner Walter O’Malley’s plans to build a larger, more profitable stadium.  To this day, Sanders considers O’Malley’s decision one of the worst moments of his life, and in the decades since, Sanders, now 62 years older, has transformed into a political champion of sorts — a champion for universal health care, a political revolution and, you guessed it, baseball.  In light of this occurrence, I’d like to add some much-needed levity to this column and reference what is indisputably one of the greatest films of all time: “The Dark Knight.”  For some candidates, it was an Ivy League-level education that informed their worldview. For others, it was a personal trauma suffered or injustice endured. For Sanders, it was a bit of both — Sanders attended the University of Chicago and his family struggled to pay his mother’s medical bills. But perhaps more than anything, it was baseball that made him the groundbreaking politician that he is today.  Please put your pitchforks and tiki torches down and just hear me out. I’m not some millennial Marxist recklessly using a sports column as a platform to spread my leftist leanings to the farthest corners of sports fandom. I’m simply trying to tell it like it is.  Say what you will about Medicare for All, free college or Castro-era literacy programs, but when it comes to sports alone — that singular unifying aspect of American life that both coastal elites and red-state rednecks can bond over— Sanders was your man.  This fall, the Professional Baseball Agreement is set to expire. The PBA governs the relationship between baseball’s major and minor leagues. MLB’s top brass views the agreement’s expiration as an opportunity to save money by giving 42 minor league teams the axe.  For that, we should be thankful for what the senator has done. Sanders’ campaign might not have been your cup of tea, but at the end of the day, he fought for the working man, for the downtrodden and forgotten and for sports fans everywhere, he fought for baseball.  Yes. You heard right. Sanders’ brand of democratic socialism, frequently and falsely compared by the American Right to foreign dictatorships in Venezuela and North Korea, is in fact all-American.  Recent weeks also saw heroism, or at least an incredibly heroic campaign, breathe its final breath when Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders announced that he would be suspending his campaign for president.  In recent weeks, heroism has been on full display across the country. From doctors flying to the epicenters of the coronavirus pandemic to treat patients to governors and local officials desperately trying to inform the public and save lives, demonstrations of bravery have not been hard to come by. center_img To add some context, in the quote above, Sanders is referring to a horrific, arguably tragic development of his childhood: the moment the Brooklyn Dodgers betrayed the trust of fans like Sanders and left the outer boroughs of New York for the sunny, palm tree-lined pastures of Los Angeles. Like sports fans across the country, Sanders appreciates the merits of having a local team. He recognizes sports’ ability to forge communities among the most disparate of Americans and knows all too well the pain of losing that kind of community.  O’Malley decided to move his team to Los Angeles after the rejection. To this day, assigning blame in the decision has been controversial, but by and large, fans like Sanders still feel their hometown team was stripped from their neighborhood for the sole pursuit of profit.  In an era when the NFL prioritizes profits over players’ health and the NBA finds itself in a Faustian bargain with the PRC, Sanders is fighting the good fight, defending baseball and the interests of its fans and young players against the corporate behemoth that is MLB. Sanders was not the hero that sports deserved, but the hero that sports needed.  Never mind the fact that the MLB is a federally protected enterprise that scored $1.2 billion in profit just last year. If you’re Joe Sixpack, do you really want to see your local minor league ball club get canned just so the Yankees can hand out some fatter contracts? If you’re a young ballplayer trying to make it one day in the majors, do you want to see your chances evaporate just so some rich owner can get his rocks off to some more cash? “I don’t want to tell you that was the sole reason that I’ve developed the politics that I’ve developed,” he said in an interview with The New York Times last January. “But as a kid, I did see in that case … the greed of one particular company. And that impacted me.” Sanders has been one of the most vocal critics of MLB’s plan, arguing that baseball is a social institution and that minor league teams play a key role in bringing together their local communities.  Stuart Carson is a junior writing about the intersection of sports, politics and American society. He is also a sports editor at the Daily Trojan. His column, “The State of Play,” typically runs every other Wednesday.last_img read more