Santos receives 2017 Great Negotiator Award

first_imgColombian President and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Juan Manuel Santos has received Harvard Law School’s 2017 Great Negotiator Award, given by the Program on Negotiation for “lifetime achievements in the field of negotiation and dispute resolution have had a significant and lasting impact.”Santos was honored for his work to end Colombia’s 52-year civil war and forge a comprehensive peace agreement between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The conflict has claimed more than 220,000 lives and displaced more than 6 million people.The ceremony at the Law School on Wednesday — which included a three-hour panel discussion with HLS Professor Robert Mnookin and others — was a kind of homecoming for Santos, who earned a mid-career/master’s in public administration from Harvard Kennedy School in 1981. A former journalist, he was also a Nieman Fellow in 1988.At Harvard, Santos had studied with the late Professor Roger Fisher, co-founder of the Program on Negotiation and the Harvard Negotiation Project. On Wednesday, it was Santos who was the professor, guiding Harvard faculty and students through the intricacies of his six-year negotiation. Some of his tactics were traditional strategies; others, such as making living victims central to the negotiation process during an armed conflict and placing a special focus on women, were implemented for the first time.William Ury (from left), James Sebenius, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, and Deepak Malhotra in discussion at Harvard Law School. Photo by Tom Fitzsimmons“I was convinced this war had to end at the negotiating table, otherwise it could last 20, 30, or 40 more years,” said Santos. With mountains and jungles and money from drug trafficking and illegal mining, “Colombia is the ideal country for guerrilla warfare,” he said.Santos was elected the country’s president in 2010 after serving as defense minister under his predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, overseeing a strong military offensive against FARC. He knew adopting the posture of a negotiator would surprise the people who had elected him.“I was warned people would not understand. I was a war hero, a hawk,” he said. “But it was the only way to bring peace. … If you only think about your popularity rate you will never take high enough risks to make a difference.”Santos oversaw a team of negotiators who met with FARC leadership in Havana. For 18 months, the negotiations were conducted in secret. Both sides were highly skeptical about the possibility of success and used the time to build trust. In the meantime, they remained at war — as they would throughout the negotiations.Santos took discreet measures to gain FARC’s trust, including authorizing the Colombian military and police to take a humanitarian approach and provide medical treatment to FARC’s wounded. “The only way for the military to gain legitimacy was by respecting the population, but also your enemy,” he said.The talks covered five main areas: rural development, political participation, drugs, victims, and disarmament. To aid negotiations, Santos built relationships with neighboring countries, including Venezuela. And he engaged facilitators from Cuba and Venezuela — chosen by FARC — and Chile and Norway.Santos also had four principle advisers, one of whom was Bill Ury, a distinguished senior fellow at the Harvard Negotiation Project. Ury was a panelist at the Law School on Wednesday, along with Harvard Business School Professors James Sebenius and Deepak Malhotra.Sebenius observed that Santos’ negotiations gave unprecedented attention to living victims by calling for reparations, justice, truth, and non-repetition of the harms they had suffered. Ury called the victim-centered process a key innovation of the Colombian process.Santos said many people had believed that victims would refuse to allow any benefits for the perpetrators of crimes against them. Instead, victims insisted the negotiations continue because they didn’t want to see others suffer as they had, Santos said.The two sides reached an agreement in 2016, which was put to a public referendum in October of that year. Against expectations, it lost by a paper-slim margin, with 50.2 percent against and 49.8 percent in favor. Santos pursued another round of negotiations to win over opponents, and a revised agreement with FARC was signed in November 2016. This time, both houses of Congress and the Constitutional Court approved.Santos said where to draw the line between peace and justice is always a dilemma. “I had no moral doubt that you need to sacrifice justice in order to achieve peace,” he said. “A peace agreement is imperfect by definition. I had to close down the factory of victims.”Santos wrapped up his return to Harvard with a visit to the Widener Library, where he presented Sarah Thomas, vice president for the Harvard Library and University Librarian, with a copy of the Colombian peace agreement.“We are greatly honored,” she said. “May it be a harbinger of peace to come around the world.”last_img read more

Bono continues strong play as team hopes for NCAA Tournament berth

first_imgAlex Bono’s jersey was filthy by the end of Saturday night.Between the slippery conditions and Notre Dame’s explosive offense, Bono spent a lot of time making diving saves and lunging for loose balls.Bono was met with 21 shots, the most the Syracuse goalkeeper has faced all season. Despite surrendering four goals, Bono kept Syracuse in the game late in the second half before Notre Dame went on a scoring surge to defeat the Orange 4-2.“Bono was fabulous,” SU defender Jordan Murrell said. “He keeps us firing. He made a few very good saves and kept us in it.”Head coach Ian McIntyre knew Notre Dame was a dominant offensive team coming into the game. After a sluggish first half for UND, McIntyre’s nightmares became a reality when the Irish attempted 12 shots in the second half.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textBono was up for the challenge, though. Notre Dame’s Max Lachowecki fired a laser toward the net in the 75th minute. The score was 2-2 at the time and it looked as if the Irish would take a 3-2 advantage.But Bono reacted instantaneously, lunging toward his right to punch the ball over the goal. Just a few minutes later, UND’s Patrick Hodan sent a finesse ball skirting through the box. Rather than sit back and wait for the shot, Bono pounced on the ball with authority right before it reached Kyle Richard’s foot.Ted Cribley was disappointed his team allowed four second-half goals. The senior captain said he was at a loss for words after the game, yet he said the loss was not Bono’s fault.“I think we had four defensive slips,” Cribley said. “They finished very well. We weren’t quite good enough in the second half.”Cribley said Syracuse did exactly what it wanted to in the first half, but Notre Dame snatched the momentum. Rather than panicking and frantically trying to score, UND remained calm. The Fighting Irish patiently and methodically tacked on goal after goal, until eventually the deficit was insurmountable for SU.“A lot of times teams will bomb the ball forward and hope that they’ll get a goal and get back in the game,” Cribley said. “They stuck with their game plan, so you take your hats off to them.”That impeccable execution made the night a very active one for Bono, who made four saves in the second half.“When you go to the Big East, the margin from the first to the fifth team in the conference is that slim,” Bono said. “When you bring Notre Dame in here and their RPI is 1 and they’re a top-10 team, you have to expect they’re going to be one of the best teams you’ve played all season.”As Notre Dame scored goal after goal, Bono’s temperament didn’t waver. He remained composed, despite the bright lights and the pressure of playing in his first Big East tournament game.“If you look back and you see your keeper and he’s down, everyone else gets down,” Bono said. “So you’ve got to try and stay composed and stay positive for the sake of the team, even though it’s very frustrating.”McIntyre said Bono responded well, despite conceding the four goals. He said his team got slightly too confident and complacent after taking a 2-0 lead, and said the game unraveled a little bit after Notre Dame scored its third goal.He hopes Syracuse can continue to host postseason games in the future, and that Saturday night’s game was yet another step in the pursuit of consistently generating high-intensity, exhilarating games at SU Soccer Stadium.“That was a national tournament-caliber game,” McIntyre said. “When you’re taking on a team as talented as Notre Dame, perhaps we were a little bit naive. These are the exciting games. This is why we do what we do.”Playing in his first postseason game as a freshman, Bono hopes there are many more primetime games to come in his three remaining years at Syracuse. He also hopes there’s more in store for the Orange this season, as the team has to wait until Nov. 12 to see if it will earn an NCAA bid.“It was awesome,” Bono said. “To be a part of the history was awesome. It would have been better to win. At the end of the day we have to look to ourselves for that one.” Comments Published on November 6, 2012 at 2:38 am Contact Trevor: [email protected] | @TrevorHass Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

PIAA members say Charters have competitive advantage

first_imgSeton-La Salle’s Dale Clancy shoots around Constitution’s Kimar Williams during the Class AA PIAA championship game. (AP Photo/File)A proposal was presented to the state government in Harrisburg on April 1 limiting sports programs at charter schools throughout the state. The Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association (PIAA), which oversees high school sports, brought a plan to the Pennsylvania Athletic Oversight Committee.Robert Lombardi, PIAA executive director, brought the concerns from the member schools, that focused on boys high school basketball.Lombardi cited in his proposal some of the competitive advantages charter schools have over public schools. “From a competitive standpoint, charter schools have made obsolete any realistic competition,” stated in his presentation to the committee.Lombardi has recommended a plan that would require charter school students to play on public school teams at their community school unless that sport is offered only by the charter school.“The issue right now is our charter schools have what I call dual eligibility,” Lombardi said. “A student can play at their school residence or the charter school. No other student going to a school in PIAA has that option. All I’m saying it let’s get the playing field even. It doesn’t matter to me which way it goes.”In his presentation, he noted the success of the charter school basketball teams, “since 2006, we have had eight charter schools win PIAA boys basketball championships. During this period, we have had 12 charter schools compete for a PIAA boys’ basketball championship.”Imhotep Charter has one of the best basketball programs in the state. The school has won four state titles (2009, 2011, 2012, 2013) during those years. Lombardi doesn’t feel the proposal is unfair to charter schools in Philadelphia.“I think Philadelphia is a very unique situation because it’s one school district,” Lombardi said. “And that puts a different wrinkle to it. I think the leadership they have in those schools is attempting to do things the way they’re intended. But what I’ve seen from rosters, there’s people jumping. No one has a problem with the charter school if the kid goes there as a ninth grader and goes 9, 10, 11 and 12. The problem is the student that goes to another school in 11th grade and then goes to another school in 12th grade.”Representative Gene Di Girolamo, R-Bucks County, is the chair of the Pennsylvania Athletic Oversight Committee. DiGirolamo would like to see the charter schools and the PIAA get together and address these issues.“We have a legislative oversight committee which I’m the chairman,” DiGirolamo said. “This was brought to our attention as an issue of concern from the membership a few months ago. So, we decided to hold a public hearing a few weeks ago. We heard testimony from Dr. Lombardi and also a group representing the charter schools from around the state.“Dr.Lombardi proposed a legislative remedy and very obviously the charter schools when they testified were opposed to it. Right now, as far as the oversight committee is concerned at the end of the meeting, the people from the charter schools and Dr. Lombardi are going to get together, sit down and have a meeting and see if they can work some of these differences and concerns out. As far as I’m concerned, there’s no legislation been introduced or proposed. We’re going to let them try to work it out themselves to see if there’s not a resolution or a remedy.”The Associated Press contributed to this story.Contact Philadelphia Tribune Staff Writer Donald Hunt at (215) 893-5719 or [email protected]:// read more